Technology

 

 

Waste

Residual MSW is suitable for the REnescience process as well as a variety of other waste types. 
We have gained profound experience in processing unsorted MSW at our demonstration plant.

  • residual MSW

  • no size reduction required

  • suitable for a variety of other waste types

 Waste crane

Process

In the REnescience process, warm water is added to residual MSW to achieve temperatures appropriate for enzymatic hydrolysis. Through enzymatic action, biodegradable materials are liquefied, which permits easy separation of non-degradable solids. Processing of residual MSW is robust, with no requirement for shredding. This makes the process much simpler than other known processes, and it has a high capture rate of the biomass and recycling of materials. This is good for the environment and it is good for business.

Process chart

Liquefaction of household waste

Liquefaction is key in the REnescience process. Enzymes are added into the waste stream in a specially designed reactor. Biodegradable content of unsorted waste is liquefied and separated from non-degradable solids to create a bioliquid with high biomethane potential.

Ballistic separation

In the ballistic separation process, the treated waste is separated into three fractions – bioliquid, 2-dimensional and 3-dimensional solid fractions.

Washing of 3-dimensional fraction

The 3-dimensional fraction is transported to a washing drum, where surface residues are washed off. Used wash water is recirculated.

First pressing of 2-dimensional fraction

After the ballistic separator, the 2D fraction is transported to a press, where a liquid containing organic fibres and residues are separated from the 2D fraction. The liquid is then mixed into the bioliquid stream.

Washing of 2-dimensional fraction

The 2-dimensional fraction is washed to improve storage stability and retain as much biomaterial as possible. Used wash water is recirculated back to the pre-treatment step.

Second pressing of 2-dimensional fraction

After washing, a second pressing takes place to increase dry matter content.

Bioliquid

When the bioliquid exits the ballistic separator, it is mixed with bioliquid from the first pressing of the 2D fraction. Further treatment depends on the intended use of the bioliquid. Depending on your business and markets, the bioliquid can be used for a variety of purposes, for example biogas production.

End Fractions

​The outputs of the REnescience process can be upgraded to valuable products:

The bioliquid is suitable as feedstock for

  • biogas production

  • production of other chemicals such as lactic acid and butanol which can be used in the chemical industry or as transportation fuel

Oil sampled 
The 3-dimensional fraction, mainly containing high value plastics and metals, is suitable for further sorting and recycling and can help reduce the requirement for using new oil in the production of plastics.
 

The 3-dimensional fraction

The 2-dimensional fraction, mainly containing textiles and plastic foils, is suitable for

  • Further sorting and recycling which reduce the requirement for oil or gas for production of new plastics.

  • Use as Refuse Derived Fuel (RDF) and Solid Recovered Fuel (SRF) which can replace fossil fuels and have the advantage that it can be stored.


´Worker with waste